Now, in the next step, we will create two dummy variables in two lines of code. In this post, however, we are going to use the ifelse() function and the fastDummies package (i.e., dummy_cols() function). 'https://vincentarelbundock.github.io/Rdatasets/csv/carData/Salaries.csv'. remove_first_dummy: Removes the first dummy of every variable such that only n-1 dummies remain. So start up RStudio and type this in the console: Next, we are going to use the library() function to load the fastDummies package into R: Now that we have installed and louded the fastDummies package we will continue, in the next section, with dummy coding our variables. .data: represents object for which dummy columns has to be created I’ll look into adding what you suggest! Avoid this â¦ For example, this section will show you how to install packages that you can use to create dummy variables in R. Now, this is followed by three answers to frequently asked questions concerning dummy coding, both in general, but also in R. Note, the answers will also give you the knowledge to create indicator variables. How to create a dummy variable in R is quite simple because all that is needed is a simple operator (%in%) and it returns true if the variable equals the value being looked for. Next, start creating the dummy variables in R using the ifelse() function: In this simple example above, we created the dummy variables using the ifelse() function. Optionally, the parameter drop indicates that that dummy variables will be created for only the expressed levels of factors. Of course, we did the same when we created the second column. First, we are going to go into why we may need to dummy code some of our variables. Note, you can use R to conditionally add a column to the dataframe based on other columns if you need to. the reference cell) will correspond to the first level of the unordered factor being converted. Learn how your comment data is processed. Read on to learn how to create dummy variables for categorical variables in R. In this section, before answering some frequently asked questions, you are briefly going to learn what you need to follow this post. Rename Columns of a Data Frame in R Programming - rename() Function, Convert a Character Object to Integer in R Programming - as.integer() Function, Convert a Numeric Object to Character in R Programming - as.character() Function, Calculate the Mean of each Column of a Matrix or Array in R Programming - colMeans() Function, Check if a numeric value falls between a range in R Programming - between() function, Write Interview How to pass JavaScript variables to PHP ? R programming language resources âº Forums âº Data manipulation âº create dummy â convert continuous variable into (binary variable) using median Tagged: dummy binary This topic has 1 reply, 2 voices, and was last updated 7 years, 1 month ago by bryan . Resist this urge. If not, we assigned the value '0'. Thus installing tidyverse, you can do a lot more than just creating dummy variables. In the final section, we will quickly have a look at how to use the recipes package for dummy coding. How to pass variables and data from PHP to JavaScript ? Using k dummy variables when only k - 1 dummy variables are required is known as the dummy variable trap. For instance, creating dummy variables this way will definitely make the R code harder to read. It creates dummy variables on the basis of parameters provided in the function. In the following section, we will also have a look at how to use the recipes package for creating dummy variables in R. Before concluding the post, we will also learn about some other options that are available. test: represents test condition Or you may want to calculate a new variable from the other variables in the dataset, like the total sum of baskets made in each game. A dummy variable is a variable that takes values of 0 and 1, where the values indicate the presence or absence of something (e.g., a 0 may indicate a placebo and 1 may indicate a drug).Where a categorical variable has more than two categories, it can be represented by a set of dummy variables, with one variable for each category.Numeric variables can also be dummy â¦ Running the above code will generate 5 new columns containing the dummy coded variables. it is now something like \(x_i \in \{\text{high school,some college,BA,MSc}\}\).In R parlance, high school, some college, BA, MSc are the levels of factor \(x\).A straightforward extension of the above would dictate to create one dummy â¦ The different types of education are simply different (but some aspects of them can, after all, be compared, for example, the length). Click here if you're looking to post or find an R/data-science job . click here if you have a blog, or here if you don't. For example, if a factor with 5 levels is used in a model formula alone, contr.treatment creates columns for the intercept and all the factor levels except the first level of the factor. What if we think that education has an important effect that we want to take into account in our data analysis? We can go beyond binary categorical variables such as TRUE vs FALSE.For example, suppose that \(x\) measures educational attainment, i.e. We can use the optional argument all = FALSE to specify that the â¦ model.matrix). This may be very useful if we, for instance, are going to make dummy variables of multple variables and don't need them for the data analysis later. See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. For instance, we could have used the model.matrix function, and the dummies package. Note, if we don't use the select_columns argument, dummy_cols will create dummy variables of all columns with categorical data. By using our site, you The first three arguments of factor() warrant some exploration: x: The input vector that you want to turn into a factor. Now, as evident from the code example above; the select_columns argument can take a vector of column names as well. If you are analysing your data using multiple regression and any of your independent variables were measured on a nominal or ordinal scale, you need to know how to create dummy variables and interpret their results. variables in R which take on a limited number of different values; such variables are often referred to as categorical variables Now, there are three simple steps for the creation of dummy variables with the dummy_cols function. New replies are no longer allowed. Dummy coding is used in regression analysis for categorizing the variable. The values 0/1 can be seen as no/yes or off/on. How to Create Dummy Variables in R in Two Steps: ifelse() example, 2) Create the Dummy Variables with the ifelse() Function, Three Steps to Create Dummy Variables in R with the fastDummies Package, How to Create Dummy Variables for More than One Column, How to Make Dummy Variables in R with the step_dummy() Function, How to Generate a Sequence of Numbers in R with :, seq() and rep(), R to conditionally add a column to the dataframe based on other columns, calculate/add new variables/columns to a dataframe in R, Categorical Variables in Regression Analysis:A Comparison of Dummy and Effect Coding, No More: Effect Coding as an Alternative to Dummy Coding With Implications for Higher Education Researchers, Random Forests, Decision Trees, and Categorical Predictors:The “Absent Levels” Problem, How to Rename Column (or Columns) in R with dplyr, How to Take Absolute Value in R – vector, matrix, & data frame, Select Columns in R by Name, Index, Letters, & Certain Words with dplyr, How to use Python to Perform a Paired Sample T-test, How to use Square Root, log, & Box-Cox Transformation in Python. eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'marsja_se-medrectangle-3','ezslot_5',152,'0','0'])); Finally, we are going to get into the different methods that we can use for dummy coding in R. First, we will use the ifelse() funtion and you will learn how to create dummy variables in two simple steps. The fastDummies package is also a lot easier to work with when you e.g. Explain that part in a bit more detail so that we can use it for recoding the categorical variables (i.e., dummy code them). If columns are not selected in the function call for which dummy variable has to be created, then dummy variables are created for all characters and factors column in the dataframe. A data frame can be extended with new variables in R. You may, for example, get data from another player on Grannyâs team. Your email address will not be published. In the next section, we will quickly answer some questions. We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website. This is because in most cases those are the only types of data you want dummy variables from. Second, we created two new columns. the variable x1, is a factorwith five different factor levels. soil type and landcover. no: represents the value which will be executed if test condition does not satisfies, edit Further, new columns will be made accordingly which will specify if the person is male or not as the binary value of gender_m and if the person is female or not as the binary value of gender_f. Each element of this dummy variable, â¦ factor(x, levels) I suggest you this because you may include all dummy variables in the model and cause multicollinearity. For example, when loading a dataset from our hard drive we need to make sure we add the path to this file. Three Steps to Create Dummy Variables in R with the fastDummies Package1) Install the fastDummies Package2) Load the fastDummies Package:3) Make Dummy Variables in R 1) Install the fastDummies Package 2) Load the fastDummies Package: 3) Make Dummy Variables in R In this section, you will find some articles, and journal papers, that you mind find useful: Well think you, Sir! For example, contr.treatment creates a reference cell in the data and defines dummy variables for all factor levels except those in the reference cell. if you are planning on dummy coding using base R (e.g. If you have a query related to it or one of the replies, start a new topic and refer back with a link. ifelse() function performs a test and based on the result of the test return true value or false value as provided in the parameters of the function. eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'marsja_se-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_6',160,'0','0']));In the previous section, we used the dummy_cols() method to make dummy variables from one column. c()) and leave the package you want. If NULL (default), uses all character and factor columns. Now, that you're done creating dummy variables, you might want to extract time from datetime. To create a dummy variable in R you can use the ifelse() method:df$Male <- ifelse(df$sex == 'male', 1, 0) df$Female <- ifelse(df$sex == 'female', 1, 0). What are undeclared and undefined variables in JavaScript? This dummy coding is automatically performed by R. For demonstration purpose, you can use the function model.matrix () to create a contrast matrix for a factor variable: res <- model.matrix(~rank, data = Salaries) head(res[, -1]) ## rankAssocProf rankProf ## 1 0 1 ## 2 0 1 ## 3 0 0 ## 4 0 1 ## 5 0 1 ## 6 1 0. > them = data.frame (ID=c (âBobâ,âSueâ,âTomâ,âAnnâ), + sex=c (âMâ,âFâ,âMâ,âFâ), + Height=c (5.4,5.2,6,5.6), + Weight=c (152,135,200,NA)) > â¦ In this function, we start by setting our dependent variable (i.e., salary) and then, after the tilde, we can add our predictor variables. And it creates a severe multicollinearity problem for the analysis. For example, we can write code using the ifelse() function, we can install the R-package fastDummies, and we can work with other packages, and functions (e.g. [R] percentage of variance explained by factors [R] Coding methods for factors [R] Predicting and Plotting "hypothetical" values of factors [R] car::linearHypothesis fails to constrain factor â¦ Here's a code example you can use to make dummy variables using the step_dummy() function from the recipes package: Not to get into the detail of the code chunk above but we start by loading the recipes package. By Andrie de Vries, Joris Meys . However, if you are planning on using the fastDummies package or the recipes package you need to install either one of them (or both if you want to follow every section of this R tutorial). Now, before summarizing this R tutorial, it may be worth mentioning that there are other options to recode categorical data to dummy variables. For example, contr.treatment creates a reference cell in the data and defines dummy variables for all factor levels except those in the reference cell. However, we will generally omit one of the dummy variables for State and one for Gender when we use machine-learning techniques. Now, that I know how to do this, I can continue with my project. Finally, we are ready to use the dummy_cols() function to make the dummy variables. Finally, we use the prep() so that we, later, kan apply this to the dataset we used (by using bake)). Experience. That is, in the dataframe we now have, containing the dummy coded columns, we don't have the original, categorical, column anymore. R-bloggers.com offers daily e-mail updates about R news and tutorials about learning R and many other topics. A dummy variable is a variable that indicates whether an observation has a particular characteristic. The default is lexicographically sorted, unique values of x. labels: Another [â¦] The dummy.data.frame() function has created dummy variables for all four levels of the State and two levels of Gender factors. In this R tutorial, we are going to learn how to create dummy variables in R. Now, creating dummy/indicator variables can be carried out in many ways. On the right, of the "arrow" we take our dataframe and create a recipe for preprocessing our data (i.e., this is what this function is for). For example, different types of categories and characteristics do not necessarily have an inherent ranking. Using this function, dummy variable can be created accordingly. select_columns Vector of column names that you want to create dummy variables from. For instance, using the tibble package you can add empty column to the R dataframe or calculate/add new variables/columns to a dataframe in R. In this post, we have 1) worked with R's ifelse() function, and 2) the fastDummies package, to recode categorical variables to dummy variables in R. In fact, we learned that it was an easy task with R. Especially, when we install and use a package such as fastDummies and have a lot of variables to dummy code (or a lot of levels of the categorical variable). Video and code: YouTube Companion Video; Get Full Source Code; Packages Used in this Walkthrough {caret} - dummyVars function As the name implies, the dummyVars function allows you to create dummy variables - in other words it translates text data into numerical data for modeling purposes.. If there is only one level for the variable and verbose == TRUE, a warning is issued before creating the dummy variable. A k th dummy variable is redundant; it carries no new information. As we will see shortly, in most cases, if you use factor-variable notation, you do not need to create dummy variables. After creating dummy variable: In this article, let us discuss to create dummy variables in R using 2 methods i.e., ifelse() method and another is by using dummy_cols() function. This is because nominal and ordinal independent variables, more broadly known as categorical independent variablesâ¦ Finally, if we use the fastDummies package we can also create dummy variables as rows with the dummy_rows function.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'marsja_se-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_8',161,'0','0'])); It is, of course, possible to drop variables after we have done the dummy coding in R. For example, see the post about how to remove a column in R with dplyr for more about deleting columns from the dataframe. For an unordered factor named x, with levels "a" and "b", the default naming convention would be to create a new variable â¦ It is worth pointing out, however, that it seems like the dummies package hasn't been updated for a while. This variable is used to categorize the characteristic of an observation. Thank you for your kind comments. remove_first_dummy Removes the ï¬rst dummy of every variable such that only n-1 dummies remain. Furthermore, if we want to create dummy variables from more than one column, we'll save even more lines of code (see next subsection). Parameters: If NULL (default), uses all character and factor columns. Here’s to install the two dummy coding packages:eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'marsja_se-box-4','ezslot_1',154,'0','0'])); Of course, if you only want to install one of them you can remove the vector (i.e. If you are planning on doing â¦ close, link A dummy variable can only assume the values 0 and 1, where 0 indicates the absence of the property, and 1 indicates the presence of the same. To create a factor in R, you use the factor() function. This is especially useful if we want to automatically create dummy variables for all categorical predictors in the R dataframe. I think, that, you should add more information about how to use the recipe and step_dummy functions. dummy_cols(.data, select_columns = NULL), Parameters: First. For example, a person is either male or female, discipline is either good or bad, etc. View the list of all variables in Google Chrome Console using JavaScript. This all works well, except when I want to predict to larger areas. If this is not set to TRUE, we only get one column. Installing packages can be done using the install.packages() function. Have a nice day, Your email address will not be published. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. For example, if a factor with 5 levels is used in a model formula alone, contr.treatment creates columns for the intercept and all the factor levels except the first level of the factor. How to pass form variables from one page to other page in PHP ? 5.3.1 More Levels. The second parameter are set to TRUE so that we get a column for male and a column for female. ifelse() function performs a test and based on the result of the test return true value or false value as provided in the â¦ An object with the data set you want to make dummy columns from. Therefore, there will be a section covering this as well as a section about removing columns that we don’t need any more. brightness_4 Please write to us at [email protected] to report any issue with the above content. However, if we have many categories in our variables it may require many lines of code using the ifelse() function. Here's how to make indicator variables in R using the dummy_cols() function: Now, the neat thing with using dummy_cols() is that we only get two line of codes. See the table below for some examples of dummy variables. Of course, this means that we can add as many as we need, here. Dummy variables are also called indicator variables. by Erik Marsja | May 24, 2020 | Programming, R | 2 comments. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using contribute.geeksforgeeks.org or mail your article to [email protected] Writing code in comment? that the distance between all steps on the scale of the variable is the same length. GRE Data Analysis | Distribution of Data, Random Variables, and Probability Distributions. Original dataframe: including nominal and ordinal variables in linear regression analysis In the first column we created, we assigned a numerical value (i.e., 1) if the cell value in column discipline was 'A'. code. Required fields are marked *. Now, let's jump directly into a simple example of how to make dummy variables in R. In the next two sections, we will learn dummy coding by using R's ifelse(), and fastDummies' dummy_cols(). remove_most_frequent_dummy In some cases, you also need to delete duplicate rows. In the first section, of this post, you are going to learn when we need to dummy code our categorical variables. A dummy variable is either 1 or 0 and 1 can be represented as either True or False and 0 can be represented as False or True depending upon the user. Second, we will use the fastDummies package and you will learn 3 simple steps for dummyc coding. Version info: Code for this page was tested in R version 3.0.2 (2013-09-25) On: 2013-11-19 With: lattice 0.20-24; foreign 0.8-57; knitr 1.5 Note, if you want to it is possible to rename the levels of a factor in R before making dummy variables. Here's how to make dummy variables in R using the fastDummies package: First, we need to install the r-package. Dummy variable in R programming is a type of variable that represents a characteristic of an experiment. [R] dummy variables from factors [R] Contrasts in Penalized Package [R] less than full rank contrast methods [R] Dummy variables or factors? 2.1 Exercises Create a new variable called incomeD which recodes income in the anes data frame into a (numeric) dummy variable that equals 1 if the respondentâs â¦ eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'marsja_se-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_4',156,'0','0']));In this section, we are going to use the fastDummies package to make dummy variables. want to make indicator variables from multiple columns. If the data, we want to dummy code in R, is stored in Excel files, check out the post about how to read xlsx files in R. As we sometimes work with datasets with a lot of variables, using the ifelse() approach may not be the best way. It is, of course, possible to dummy code many columns both using the ifelse() function and the fastDummies package. Using this language, any type of machine learning algorithm can be processed like regression, classification, etc. Want to share your content on R-bloggers? Now, it is in the next part, where we use step_dummy(), where we actually make the dummy variables. Now that you have created dummy variables, you can also go on and extract year from date. yes: represents the value which will be executed if test condition satisfies My predictor variables were all extracted from raster files on the environment, fx. If you want to convert a factor variable to numeric, always remember to convert factors using as.numeric(as.character(var)) where var is your variable of interest. levels: An optional vector of the values that x might have taken. Syntax: Note, recipes is a package that is part of the Tidyverse. In the example of this R programming tutorial, weâll use the following data frame in R: Our example data consists of seven rows and three columns. Thus, in this section we are going to start by adding one more column to the select_columns argument of the dummy_cols function. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'marsja_se-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',153,'0','0']));In regression analysis, a prerequisite is that all input variables are at the interval scale level, i.e. Here's the first 10 rows of the new dataframe with indicator variables: Notice how the column sex was automatically removed from the dataframe. You can do that as well, but as Mike points out, R automatically assigns the reference category, and its automatic â¦ Please use ide.geeksforgeeks.org, generate link and share the link here. After creating dummy variable: In this article, let us discuss to create dummy variables in R using 2 methods i.e., ifelse() method and another is by using dummy_cols() function. First, we read data from a CSV file (from the web). This topic was automatically closed 7 days after the last reply. 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Adding what you suggest, of this post, you should add more information about the (. N'T been updated for a while first dummy of every variable such that only dummies... Packages, by installing Tidyverse will use the dot delete duplicate rows R dataframe gre data analysis | Distribution data. The arguments of the values 0/1 can be done with the above content 's the section... However, we want to automatically create dummy variables where we use step_dummy ( function... Make dummy columns from to follow this post first 5 rows of the variable a!, of course, this means that we can install this package and. Add the path to this file variables with the dummy_cols function set to TRUE, warning. It may require many lines of code using the fastDummies package is also a lot easier to work with you... Extract year from date button below Improve article '' button below indicates whether an observation main! Web ) either male or Female, discipline is either male or Female, is. How to use the fastDummies package: first, we will go on and have a blog or... Install create dummy variable for factor in r package, and get a column for male and a column Female... If you want to it or one of the arguments of the resulting variables do n't use fastDummies! Generate 5 new columns containing the dummy variables be processed like regression, classification etc. The analysis appearing on the environment, fx two dummy variables of all factors dummy_cols )... And one for Gender when we need to dummy code our categorical variables variables this way will definitely the. Next part, where we use cookies to ensure you have created dummy variables on the,! See shortly, in the function the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks recipes is a variable represents... To start by adding one more of the variable is redundant ; it carries no new information should more. May require many lines of code using the ifelse ( ), where we actually the. Worth pointing out, however, we did the same length base R ( e.g examples! Generate 5 new columns containing the dummy variables information on this you also... Variables in R before making dummy variables for all categorical predictors in the first section, assigned! Please use ide.geeksforgeeks.org, generate link and share the link here clicking on the `` Improve article '' below. Are required is known as the dummy variables for all levels of factors about R and... Using the install.packages ( ) function R code harder to read of variable that indicates whether an observation has particular. Created dummy variables now that you 're looking to post or find an R/data-science job link and share the here... Day, Your email address will not be published link here effect that we can install this package, get! Address will not be published about dummy variables create dummy variable for factor in r for some examples of dummy variables the web.! First parameter is the categorical variable that represents a characteristic of an observation of data, variables! Variables for all levels of a factor in R programming is a type of variable that indicates an! ; the select_columns argument can take a vector of column names that you have the best experience... Address will not be published I think, that we can add as many as we need to any... The table below for some examples of dummy variables from one page to page... Use step_dummy ( ) ) and leave the package you want dummy variables are required is known the. Course, possible to rename the levels of all variables in R before making variables! Same when we created the second parameter are set to TRUE so that we get a lot to. That all the possible things we want to research can be done using the (. Was struggling carrying out my data analysis in R using the ifelse ( function... Could have used the model.matrix function, and the fastDummies package and you will 3... Article appearing on the scale of the dummy_cols function information on this you can use R conditionally... Categories in our data analysis to JavaScript will not be published blog, or if... The opposite ( Female = 1, male =0 ) fastDummies package such that only n-1 remain! Will create two dummy variables are required is known as the dummy variables, the... Transformed into measurable scales realized that I know how to pass form variables from rows of variable... Default ), uses all character and factor columns to larger areas to follow this.. Package that is part of the values 0/1 can be seen as no/yes or.... Create two dummy variables first level of the dummy_cols function dummy variable is a package that part! - 1 dummy variables `` Improve article '' button below all factors learning algorithm can be seen as or. The above code will generate 5 new columns containing the dummy variable ( i.e second parameter create dummy variable for factor in r. Factor columns it carries no new information function allows for non-standard naming of the unordered factor being converted make. Than just creating dummy variables in R programming is one of the values that might... Find an R/data-science job one more column to the select_columns argument of the replies, start new. Using base R ( e.g R ( e.g, it will be created accordingly have the., is a factorwith five different factor levels with my project if there is only one level for the.! Variables on the `` Improve article '' button below duplicate rows the things... Many lines of code using the install.packages ( ) function and the fastDummies package, dummy_cols will create two variables. Is also a lot easier to work with create dummy variable for factor in r you e.g not, did... Dummyc coding, however, we assigned the value ' 0 ' ifelse... For Gender when we need to have installed to follow this post, you can use to... Get one column select_columns argument of the data set you want to you! | Distribution of data, Random variables, you can do a easier! 5 new columns containing the dummy variables, and get a column to the dataframe based on columns. ) function is present in fastDummies package is also a lot easier work. Bad, etc will definitely make the R dataframe need to make we. The documentation for more information create dummy variable for factor in r this you can also go on extract! Data, Random variables, you should add more information on this you also... Start by adding one more column to the select_columns argument, dummy_cols will create dummy in! Article '' button below n't use the dot the possible things we want to select all variables... Unordered factor being converted ), uses all character and factor columns predictor variables were all extracted from files... I realized that I needed to create dummy variables in Google Chrome using.: first, we are going to start by adding one more the... The only types of categories and characteristics do not necessarily have an inherent ranking geeksforgeeks.org! Creating dummy variables will be created accordingly I was struggling carrying out my data in! To follow this post, you can look here, here page and help other Geeks the package! As well measurable scales levels of factors used languages for data mining and visualization of create dummy variable for factor in r variable used! Possible to rename the levels of all factors to predict to larger areas Removes the ï¬rst dummy every... In Google Chrome Console using JavaScript, start a new topic and refer back with link! Have a look at how to do this, I can continue with my project, loading! Variable can be transformed into measurable scales more about dummy variables, you add... One for Gender when we need to make dummy columns from, first parameter the. To delete duplicate rows be transformed into measurable scales fastDummies package cases, if we n't. We assigned the value ' 0 ' a person is either good bad! Because in most cases, you should add more create dummy variable for factor in r about how to variables... There are three simple steps for dummyc coding a section outlining what you need make... The fastDummies package: first, we will quickly answer some questions male =0.. Approach for dummy coding using base R ( e.g 're done creating dummy variables,! Of an observation has a particular characteristic code will generate 5 new columns containing the variable! Reference cell ) will correspond to the dataframe: now, in most cases those are only... Things we want to research can be processed like regression, classification, etc an important that... By adding one more of the Tidyverse variable can be processed like regression, classification, etc dummy! Button below a column for male and a column to the dataframe: now, it! The environment, fx Console using JavaScript, these are some situations when we use machine-learning techniques issue... Of course, this means, that we want to create dummy variables the )! More column to the select_columns argument of the resulting variables my predictor variables were all extracted from raster on... Article '' button below follow this post, you are going to use the.. Definitely make the dummy variables simple steps for the creation of dummy variables of a factor in R the. Other Geeks: first, we will use the recipes package for dummy coding is to...

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